Today (21. 09. 2021), a traditional festival is celebrated in China with the beautiful full moon in the sky and the delicious moon cakes in the hand. The festival is called the Mid-Autumn Festival (or Moon Festival), that falls on the 15th day of the eighth month according to the Chinese lunar calendar.
A legend about the festival tells a story of a fairy maiden named Chang’e, who flew to the moon and lives hence there with a cute white rabbit. On the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival, family members would get together to enjoy the moon (which is supposed to be bigger and brighter than usual) and the different-styled mooncakes. By gazing at the full moon where the moon goddess Chang’e stays, it is believed that any wish will be fulfilled.
It is a time for melancholy poetry on homesickness, too. One of the famous poems was written by SU Shi (1037-1101) in Song Dynasty:
(Míng yuè jǐ shí yǒu, bǎ jiǔ wèn qīng tiān.)
When comes the moon, clear and bright?
With a cup of wine in my hand, I ask the clear sky.
(Bù zhī tiān shàng gōng jué, jīn xī shì hé nián.)
This night in the heaven,
I wonder at which era it is?
我欲乘风归去， 又恐琼楼玉宇， 高处不胜寒。
(Wǒ yù chéng fēng guī qù, yòu kǒng qióng lóu yù yǔ, gāo chù bù shèng hán.)
I want to ride the wind to fly there,
But fear the crystal and jade mansions
Are much too high and cold for me.
(Qǐ wǔ nòng qīng yǐng, hé sì zài rén jiān.)
Dancing with my moonlit shadow,
I feel like being in the celestial world.
转朱阁， 低绮户， 照无眠。
(Zhuǎn zhū gé, dī qǐ hù, zhào wú mián.)
The moon rounds the red mansion,
Stoops to silk-pad doors and
Shines upon the sleepless.
(Bù yìng yǒu hèn, hé shì zhǎng xiàng bié shí yuán.)
Bearing no grudge,
Why does it turn so round just when the beloved ones have to part?
人有悲欢离合， 月有阴晴圆缺， 此事古难全。
(Rén yǒu bēi huān lí hé, yuè yǒu yīn qíng yuán quē, cǐ shì gǔ nán quán.)
There is sorrow, joy, departure and reunion in the world,
There is dim, bright, round or crescent for the moon,
Such is the imperfection since the beginning of time.
(Dàn yuàn rén cháng jiǔ, qiān lǐ gòng chán juān.)
May we all be blessed with long-lasting reunion,
Sharing the beauty of the full moon together,
Even though being thousands of miles apart.
Enjoy the Moon Festival!